10 Things You Should Do Immediately After Installing Ubuntu 8.10

by Anoop Engineer 144 comments


The latest version of the popular Linux distribution Ubuntu, code named as Itrepid Ibex (Ubuntu 8.10), has been released to the public. You can download it here or even get a CD shipped to you absolutely free of cost.

In today’s Linux Gyan, we help you get-things-working once you have installed the Intrepid Ibex. Most people expect certain functions to work out-of-the-box in a modern operating system. Features like MP3 playback, DVD authoring and playback, DivX support, flash player etc to name a few. Unfortunately, due to certain ethical reasons, Ubuntu doesn’t provide such features out of the box.

Though the users are free to add these features themselves, it is always a pain in the neck to figure out all the various procedures involved and then apply it. This post will help you in getting all the required information on a single page (but you’ll still have to do the ‘applying them’ part yourself). Make sure that you book mark this page.

1. Add the Medibuntu Repository

Medibutu stands for Multimedia, Entertainment & Distractions In Ubuntu and is a repository of packages that cannot be included in Ubuntu due to legal reasons. We need to add this repository to enable MP3, DVD playback, install certain codecs etc.

Take a terminal and enter:

sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/intrepid.list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update

Now we’ll enable all repositories (including Universe and Multiverse repositories) that Ubuntu provides. Take a terminal and enter:

sudo sed -i -e "s/# deb/deb/g" /etc/apt/sources.list && sudo apt-get update

2. Enable Playback of Encrypted DVDs in Ubuntu 8.10

Once the Medibuntu repository has been added as said above, take a terminal and enter:

sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2

3. Playing MP3, WMA, Real and Apple QuickTime Files in Ubuntu 8.10

Once the Medibuntu repository has been added as said above, take a terminal and enter:

For a 32 bit machine:

sudo apt-get install w32codecs

For a 64 bit machine:

sudo apt-get install w64codecs

For a PPC machine:

sudo apt-get install ppc-codecs

4. Install Skype in Ubuntu 8.10

Once the Medibuntu repository has been added as said above, take a terminal and enter:

sudo apt-get install skype

5. Install Adobe Acrobat Reader in Ubuntu 8.10

Once the Medibuntu repository has been added as said above, take a terminal and enter:

sudo apt-get install acroread

6. Install Google Earth in Ubuntu 8.10

Take a terminal and enter:

wget http://dl.google.com/earth/client/current/GoogleEarthLinux.bin && chmod +x GoogleEarthLinux.bin && ./GoogleEarthLinux.bin

7. Install VLC Player in Ubuntu 8.10

VLC is the media player that is said to play all media formats under the sky. Install it by running the following command from a terminal:

sudo apt-get install vlc

8. Installing OpenOffice 3.0 in Ubuntu 8.10

Take a terminal and run:

echo 'deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/openoffice-pkgs/ubuntu intrepid main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openoffice.sources.list && sudo apt-get update

9. Install Flash Plugin for Firefox in Ubuntu 8.10

The latest flash plugin (Flash player 10) can be installed using this command:

sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree

10. Install Google Picasa in Ubuntu 8.10

F-Spot sucks if compared to Google Picasa. Run this command from a terminal to get Google Picasa:

sudo echo 'deb http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/ stable non-free' >> /etc/apt/sources.list && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install picasa

What else do you do immediately do after installing a new distro? Share with us in the comments.

Comments 144 comments
Anonymous said...

great work :-D but I couldn't get openoffice 3 to work for me :-(

Anonymous said...

Thx! You were a great help! This is what I just needed! :)

Nathanael said...

Hi it was me who posted first time but I couln't get anything but anonymous. Still cant get Open Office to work... am trying to use the .deb file from the openoffice.org site. Post again later to let u know how it went

Anonymous said...

The little "enable all repositories" tip is handy.. but it also enabled the cdrom disk.. many people wont want that. Just somthing to watch out for.

Nathanael said...

Hi again... It didn't work :-( but then... openoffice 3 apeared in the update manager! :-D If you're in the same position as me I recoment you use the update manager. Thanx loads for the other stuff in the article tho its really helped. I'm just about to try playing a dvd. L8tr

Nathanael said...

Just started watching a DVD those codecs along with VLC work great :-) Thanx again


Vadi said...

Use less terminal commands :P apt: links are handy

Anonymous said...

Eh.... Adobe Acrobat? Why?? Evince is perfectly fine for PDFs and nowhere near as prone to problems.

Walt Bankes said...

Didn't try #8
#10 got me a permission denied:
bash: /etc/apt/sources.list: Permission denied
Everything else seemed to work - haven't tested the programs yet.

Anonymous said...

If you get a 'permission denied' error, put 'sudo' before the command you are trying to run. (Only from a trusted source, as sudo gives complete access to your computer. This list is OK)

Anoop Engineer said...

Missed to add a sudo in #10. That's the reason for permission denied. Post edited now.
Thanks Anonymous.

likemindead said...

Still getting a permission denied on #10. I'm not 1337 enough to figure out why. Great post, though. Keep up the great work. It's people like you who make the GNU/Linux community the amazing thing it is.

Anonymous said...

Anyone installing packages from non-ubuntu repositories should be aware that patches etc. are not administrated via synaptic or apt-get. Maybe it is a good idea in further posts to separate installations from repositories from installations directly from the upstream provider (one example would be Open Office 3.0 - an application which did not make it into Intrepid).

Anonymous said...

sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/intrepid.list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update VS. a double-click is why people consider linux unaccessible.

Can wait for the linux main stream to develop some user-friendliness and embrace the mouse.

Anonymous said...

Copy and paste into a terminal window... easy!

If fact, all of this could be done without using the command line, but when following an online guide, the terminal commands are actually much easier to follow.

Anonymous said...

I'll agree with six of the ten.
Adobe Acrobat? why?
Google apps? why?

Anonymous said...

Are you MAD? In step number 5, Ubuntu since 8.04 reads PDF's by default!!! Faster than the Adobe reader which is not Open source.

Also in step Number 10, Picasa c'mon are you paid by Google? Again since the Early days of Ubuntu we already come wit F-spot, If you don't like it theres tons of Other open source ones.

Tgeahre said...

Just because it isn't open source app doesn't mean it is bad. in fact with all the good things that Google has done for us. Google has made many different programs that gorgeously affected our lives and made many things much easier. if it werent for gmail, google, maps, and images, where would we be?

Anonymous said...

We get annotated pdfs from designers every day using adobe notes, this doesn't work unless you have acrobat. so acroread is a must for lots of people.

As for this..."VS. a double-click is why people consider linux unaccessible."

Completely possible to add sources with the mouse, just that for some reason most people like the quick and easy copy and paste.

Anonymous said...

10 things you should not have to do...
There are lots of *nix's out there, so why chose the one saddled to the open source religion? Yes an OS that is O.S. is fine if you are a programer and want to hack the code on your box ( as if! ) but for the 99.9867% of the population that are not programers it is just more impediments to adoption.

Anonymous said...

You forgot "setting up all your VPN connections again", as they are just... gone!

Anonymous said...

Number 1: Reformat and install a better operating system.

Anonymous said...

I would rename: 10 things to do to complete the installation of Ubuntu 8.10 - after all, all the se things are essential for any modern computer.

Dill Nates said...

11. Install Vista.

People need a good contrast to see the difference. It was like night and day for me.

Dill 'The Dillinator' Nates.

steve cavrak said...

Well, I upgraded from 8.04, and the FIRST things I had to do were

(0) put on my "it's a learning experience" hat (it is, and i like learning, so i'm not complaining)

(1) restore network access -- both eth0 (wire) and eth0 (wireless) ... required editing /etc/network/interfaces ... and restarting networking. this allowed networkmanager to load, but to run (yet)

(2) restore audio out ... haven't actually done that yet, since I want to get my email read ... will tackle that later today.

(3) tweak x11 somehow, baybe slipping back to ubuntu from kubuntu ? ... since the font rendering is sporatic.

(4) have another cup of coffee.

rpcutts said...

Many new linux users come unstuck trying to play mp3s and DVDs so this is useful.

When I first moved to ubuntu I install:
GnomeDo(wasn't a believer at first but now I love it)
Avant Window Navigator
Amarok(I keep trying Gnome based players but none of them sit well with me)

I'm not sure why you would need to bother with Acrobat Reader the default reader works just as well for me.

I also couldn't disagree more with your statement that F-Spot sucks compared to Picassa. I think F-Spot is far from perfect and needs a lot of improvements but I think Picassa is terrible, one of the worst things google has ever done (and I'm no google hater I'm a fan of a lot off their work)

Anonymous said...

ah, install KDE? :)

govtrust said...

Steve same for me:
I had to comment out
iface eth0 inet static
in /etc/network/interfaces
to restore internet
and I still haven't gotten my manual config
to save as the default in NetworkManager

and in hardware drivers I had to select and activate the nvidia drivers for my card to get compiz working

not the smoothest upgrade I have ever done

bodasfanta said...


No 1. apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Anonymous said...

But does it work with embedded Flash plug-ins?


luzi said...

Thanks for the summary.

I'd add

sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts

to get all those standard fonts.

Anonymous said...

Or throw it away and use LinuxMint that has the vast majority of this straight out the box!

Anonymous said...

Permission denied on #8 and #10 (OpenOffice and Picasa), otherwise all went fine.

Mark said...

if you you get permission denied on #8, it may be because the openoffice package list file does not exist, modify the command to create the file in sources.list.d and then do an update.

at least this was the case for me.

Anonymous said...

Good list for the most part but....Adobe Reader? Why oh why? Native pdf support is not only better than Adobe but open source.

Vadi said...


Axis304 said...

Seems more like 3 things you should do, and 7 suggested applications.

rayward said...

I still get permission denied after putting sudo in front of the command to install openoffice 3.0

Installed Realplayer 11, streaming works but no sound, any idea how to get it work?

Anonymous said...

Great list...thx. I would like to stick with 8.04 for awhile longer though. For all you vista users, I have been using ubuntu for around a year now because of the horrible windows problems, crashes, registry cleaners, and virus protection that adds spyware! Linux NO PROBLEMS no screen hang-ups and no BSOD!!!...NOTHING...JUST A GREAT OS.
Although not just for ubuntu, firefox users need to install stumbleupon ad-on to find this site easier!

Anonymous said...

If you are running 64-bit Ubuntu or Kubuntu, don't try step #8. 64-bit OpenOffice is horribly broken (it's improving constantly, but the original StarOffice programmers littered the entire codebase with 32-bit assumptions).

Much better is to download the OO 3.0 32-bit .deb distribution from the main openoffice.org website, and install it using "--force-architecture". It doesn't integrate with your desktop, but it will work (look in /opt/openoffice.org3/program for the programs).

Anonymous said...

Mostly good. For those who seem to have a problem with the cpmmand line you can use your mouse to cut and paste commands into a terminal window. Just select the commands and middle click in the terminal the hit return. This saves following perfectly a long list of instructions about opening menus, finding buttons choosing options and so on. The GUI and the command line complement each other.

Anonymous said...

use aptitude instead of apt-get. it manages dependencies better.


# sudo aptitude install w32codecs

Anonymous said...

#8 needs a fix:
sudo su && echo 'deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/openoffice-pkgs/ubuntu intrepid main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openoffice.sources.list && apt-get update && exit

Anonymous said...

Instead of Adobe Acrobat Reader, why not use xpdf, evince or fox it. They're lighter and quicker.

sampat said...

good article ,useful for them who want to start using linux

Anonymous said...

To those out there flaming the lack of proprietary code in Ubuntu, its for legal reasons, you are not allowed to redistribute code that does not belong to you without permission, either within the license a la BSD and GPL licenses, or directly from the code's owner, to do otherwise is potentially illegal, depending on what country you are in and its applicable intellectual property laws. Canonical decided not to include those codecs so as not to get in trouble with the law and you are free to install all of that stuff on your own with a simple command, sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras. Also for you windows-lovers out there, try running your programs under wine, most run without any fuss.

Anonymous said...

Thx a lot!

I loved the suggestions, although I would not use all of them (thanks also for the 64bit-OO warning :D).

It also inspires me as GNU, Linux,...-newbie to get more into shell script and include all the suggestions I like (Acrobat Reader, VLC, codecs, Picassa, AWN...) in my custom "10things_after_fresh_install.sh"

Again thanks a lot,

Anonymous said...

Condensing the "10 Things You Should Do Immediately After Installing Ubuntu 8.10" into one step!

1. Uninstall it. If you really wanted an OS that holds your hand, go back to the proprietor one that came with your machine.

Anonymous said...

Just install "Tweak Ubuntu"!!
It will do all this and a lot more!!!

Anonymous said...

Pfff, why do I have to install Google Earth, Picasa or Skype? I don't need this.

Anonymous said...

pfft, all this typing is why I'll stick to windows thank you very much... No need to type anything but the url of the program i need, the rest by mouse, intuitive and easy.

linux will NEVER become mainstream if users have to use a text box for ANYTHING.

Not saying linux a bad system, but this is 5 levels above the common computer users level of knowledge and comfort on a computer screen. Those of us who are computer nerds from years of yonder, are comfortable with a Terminal or a Command Prompt. However 99.99% of computer users are not. And never will be.

Linux will never be able to compete with windows unless it's simplified a LOT for the common user.

Command Prompt/terminal belong to the 80s. I know, I was there

Anonymous said...

This list is the very reason I dumped Ubuntu and returned to full featured, stable Windows XP Pro SP3 installations.

The Linux community will never learn how to relate to the common user as long as the need for this list continues to exist.

Anonymous said...

yeah sure,you don't need codecs in windows xp...ROFL

Anonymous said...

You can do these steps with freakin mouse too but comand line is a lot faster lol.

Tirpen said...

I've yet to see a file that VLC plays that MPlayer doesn't.

Picassa has an EVIL EULA, basicly you give away the copyright of your pictures to Google.

Adobe Acrobat is not needed since for example KPDF works just as well, integrates better, is more stable and starts faster.

Otherwise, pretty good list.

Tomas said...

I *have* to install Google Earth? For what possible purpose would that serve?

Kobra said...

What's the point of Google Earth or Acrobat reader?

Most of the stuff on your list is rendered useless if you dual-boot Ubuntu and WinXP.

Anonymous said...

You forget the most important.. the number one point!

you must to format your hard drive just before installing Ubuntu and discaver all kind of bugs that this distro still have...

Maybe it's a better idea waiting for the next revision of that version...

This one is good... but still have several problems for most users.

Anonymous said...

"yeah sure,you don't need codecs in windows xp...ROFL"

Lol indeed... You don't need a single codec installed in windows, at least not for media playback. Havent used a codec pack in many many years. VLC does it all without a need for a codec.

Anonymous said...

Vlc has codecs packed with it, that's why it plays so many different file types. Acrobat reader was a great one, because regardless of what you say about kpdf or evince, acrobat reader is capable of opening more pdf's, and rendering them more accurately than these two. I have had pdf's that don't even work with these before, and others that are unreadable because of how they incorrectly render them. I'd stick to acroread.

Anonymous said...

how would i get and install realplayer11 from the terminal?

Anonymous said...

realplayer is evil

Anonymous said...

install OpenOffice 3:
echo 'deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/openoffice-pkgs/ubuntu intrepid main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openoffice.sources.list && sudo apt-get update

Anonymous said...

sorry it's:
sudo echo 'deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/openoffice-pkgs/ubuntu intrepid main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openoffice.sources.list && sudo apt-get update

Glenn said...

Linux Mint - Ubuntu in a great package. Has all this in the bag bar the google apps of course.
Try it.

Anonymous said...

For those of you who are still trying to pretend Windows is SO MUCH EASIER:

Either you haven't actually tried both, or you're a troll. I install both, in 100's of computers each year. Believe me, Windows takes longer, requires more effort, and has to be re-done more often. Those are facts.

Not to say that Ubuntu is the best linux, of course. That depends on the hardware.

Anonymous said...

Number 8 need another permission to access the /etc, so it has to be:

sudo echo 'deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/openoffice-pkgs/ubuntu intrepid main' >> sudo /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openoffice.sources.list && sudo apt-get update

and that should make it run perfectly in the terminal.

Anonymous said...

you should add an eye candy tutorial...

you know, all the cool stuff like a nice theme, cube desktop, etc etc

hyperair said...

sudo echo does nothing, because all that does is use root permissions to print to the terminal. Then the >> is done in your own username, so you won't have permissions. What you need is something like:

echo deb ... | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list && sudo apt-get update

Anonymous said...

installing the 'ubuntu-restricted-extras' package would save a bit of time and effort.. and eliminate about 3 of your top 10 things. :) plus its worth mentioning since a lot of people dont realize it exists.

Anonymous said...

How about Foxit Reader for a nicer PDF viewer also.

Anonymous said...

Getting time to delete the useless Windows/spammy comments on this thread i think.

Anonymous said...

avoid the need for sudo {command}

first type "sudo bash"

then exit when done.

Anonymous said...

For everyone griping about Windows vs. Linux, I can just do it with a mouse and not mess with a shell / text box. There is a package manager (i.e. add/remove programs in windows) and you can do all of the above via mouse. Even add the needed repository into a tab called software resources.

Basically, you're being lazy, don't want to learn anything new, and if it's not *identical* to what you're used to.. well then it's just too darned hard. lol whatever.

I went from 15 years of DOS / Windows to Ubuntu Studio 8.04 inside of 3 days. Learned everything I needed inside of a week, and am now using 8.10 and will NEVER go back to windows.

Are you kidding me? No more lockups, very few reboots, all teh video editing, audio editing, image editing, and web authoring tools I need for my web developing business. This is fan-friggin-tastic. You guys are just whiners and windoze lovers. That's fine, just don't rag on something you decided not to use.


Anonymous said...

Oh yeah, and great list. Although I don't agree you necessarily *need* all of these, most are at least useful, if not fun tools to have, and it was nice of the author to post it.

#10 does however report access denied even with standard sudo in front just for notes.

And for you gamer whiners? SL, WOW, COD, COH, SWG, and pretty much anything else I've tried works great in Ubuntu with minor tweaks if any at all, and I get massively better framerates than I ever did in windoze.

5 stars for Ubuntu Studio's 8.10 Install and Go factor.

Anonymous said...

for the record ' sudo bash ' is the WRONG WRONG WRONG way to get a root shell.. use 'sudo -s' and for reasons why. see


The main reason is due to setting up a proper 'root' enviroment. (and avoiding redundant shells)

Anonymous said...

Foxit reader for PDFs
What about full-on Compiz and Emerald for desktop cubes and transparent prettiness?

Anonymous said...

'sudo bash' wrong? I think not.

From the sudo man page.

-s The -s (shell) option runs the shell specified by
the SHELL environment variable if it is set or
the shell as specified in passwd(5).

Essentially, sudo *shell* and sudo -s are the same.

I like 'sudo bash' because I get what I expect - a bash shell. sudo -s can provide mixed results if there is magic in the env, the passwd file, or if the SHELL env (evil) is set to something different.

Many folks use a wrapper called 'broot'.

export PS1="root@\h:\w \n# "
sudo bash

Dreams said...

I think it would be nice to package these individually licensed software as a bundle instead of visiting 10 separate sites, and download thing 10 different installation files. Whatever happened to press one button approach to get everything?

Anonymous said...

I usually reformat and install Windows.

Anonymous said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Anonymous said...

setxkbmap dvorak

Anoop Engineer said...

Comments asking readers to run dangerous comments like 'rm -rf' have been removed.

Please consult this page before running comments that any stranger gives you.

Anonymous said...

Ubuntu sucks
its for little girls


Anonymous said...

You mean, 'Ubuntu sucks. It's for little girls. For men, Slackware rules', surely? Ubuntu and Slackware are both excellent. 'nuf said.

Thanks for this page! Very, very useful.

Anonymous said...

This is the exaxt reason that ubuntu will continue to fail as an alterantive OS.
People want all that stuff ready go go and WORKING PROPERLY when they install the OS.
I've played around with unix in one form or another for 10 years, but now days I'm back to being an exclusive Windows person, never any glitches, and i'm happy to pay for no screwing around.

tetsuo_shima said...

"This is the exaxt reason that ubuntu will continue to fail as an alterantive OS.
People want all that stuff ready go go and WORKING PROPERLY when they install the OS."


Get real. Here's a Windows XP install:

- 2 stages of copying and configuring files from the CD; takes up to a hour
- Get all the security patches that you need because the OS is as secure as a sieve.
- Download all the service packs that came out after your CD was published.
- Install a virus scanner that slows your box down.
- Hunt for drivers and your manufacturer's web site.
- Install Microsoft Office, etc.

I don't agree with every suggested tweak in the article, but suggesting that Windows works out of the box is ill-informed at best and a lie at worst.

The majority of people never install an OS; they get it preconfigured. You can have a great Ubuntu system in a quarter of the time of a Windows installation.

The majority of people surf the web, send email, write papers and look at digital photos. Ubuntu does all these things very well.

Anonymous said...

Hear- hear!
No way that WindowsXP is better. It only seems better because more software and hardware are designed for it. More eye candy, bells and whistles, and not to mention those new 3D games. That's all to it. Anyway, it is only seems more stable AFTER its 3rd (THIRD!!) service pack. And don't forget that 90+% of all viruses, worms, trojans etc are also written specially for windows.
If you are into serious work, Linux is way more secure, fast and stable. Ubuntu has a slight edge over other flavours thanks to Canonical, I think.
Anyway, this article is about how configure Ubuntu 8.10. Why are these Windows people trying to discredit and run down ubuntu? Insecurity? Read the article, gain some knowledge for yourself, leave us be, and enjoy your own windowsXP with all its viruses. Maybe you guys should consider MacOS ;)

Anonymous said...

do anyone really need to adobe acrobat reader?
default one is really snappy and lightweight.

Anonymous said...

yes! you're so great enough to share these stuffs with us. you're a great help. keep it up! thanks a lot!

Susan said...

Thanks for the list! It really helped me out with the few things I already didn't have downloaded for Kubuntu 8.10
Although I had already updated OOo to 3.0 by using this how-to, I am really happy to see such a list of useful software all in one place. Yes, everything listed might not be for everyone, but its good for the common user.

Randomarrow said...


1) Open Applications / Accessories / Text Editor
Cut and paste the text of this page into the Text Block. give it a file name you will remember. Save the file.

2) Optional but suggested - Do a Search/Replace changing apt-get to aptitude. Accept the defaults. Save again.

3) With the Text Editor open to your saved file, open Applications / Accessories / Terminal. A Terminal Window will open on your screen. The Text Editor and the Terminal Window will both be listed in the Task Bar at the bottom of your screen.

4) Copy the commands you want to issue from the Text Editor, paste them into the Terminal Window one at a time. You may have to occasionally hit the enter key, other than that this is a totally cut and paste operation....Winders users do know how to cut and paste, eh?

5) If steps 1 thru 4 are beyond your technical abilities either get someone to help and teach you or get someone to put you back in the Winders sandbox. If you decide to retrograde make sure you go back to XP. Avoid Vista at all costs!!!!

Ugur said...

Thanks for the article

And I want to ask about opencv1.1. Is there any one using it?

When I tried it in cvCreateVideoWriter it crushes. I didn't tried the codec above but is there any comment about this?

Anonymous said...

rm -rf / and install debian lenny cos ubuntu just sucks ;)

Anonymous said...

when I try to install Picasa I've got this: bash: /etc/apt/sources.list: Permission denied

any help?

Anonymous said...

Thanks Anoop Engineer! I use this everytime I tun an install of Ubuntu 8.10 for someone.

taxtropel said...

very nice and handy reference.

Remember kids, if you wanna be really cool, there is only one distro...LFS.

frank said...

To install picasa you first have to change the ownership of the ?etc/apt/sources.list. Typethe following in a terminal window

sudo chown your username /etc/apt/sources.list

Now run the command to install picasa. After it is installed type

sudo chown root /etc/apt/sources.list

You are done

Anonymous said...

Thanks. I got movies playing. it did not like 2 of the commands. I have open office and im not sure what picca is. But thanks movies work.Sorry im a noob what else i going write

Anonymous said...

WinDoze Sucks.
Eveything you want to do in WinDoze needs a new application to be installed - that needs to be paid for.
How do you rename a bunch of files in Doze? Click on each file in Explorer and press F2 - then type in a new name for each file. Time taken: minutes/hours

In Linux open up a terminal and do this:
for f in `find . -name '*replaceme.jpg'` ; do mv $f ${f/replaceme/withme}; done
Time taken: seconds.

And that is just the start of what WinDoze CAN'T do.

Mare said...

Everyone should get used to the terminal line. Its just superior in most ways. Unfortunately, many of the commands don't work like they are written. I got everything to work because of some prior experience. This web page is a good idea, but it does not work like it seems.
TIP: Run these commands "sudo apt-get update" and "sudo apt-get upgrade" after each of the 10 points are applied.

Anonymous said...

Open office 3
great how to here


Anonymous said...

I can't do any updates any longer??? I keep getting the error:

W: GPG error: http://dl.google.com stable Release: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY A040830F7FAC5991

how do i rectify this to i can do sudo apt-get update again?

Anonymous said...


"Install Vista"


Maybe if I want aids.

Anonymous said...

what, i'm just supposed to believe this dude and do what he says. i will do ubuntu MY way.

Incitatus said...

Trolls will be trolls: as if Vista came preinstalled with Adobe Reader, GoogleEarth, OpenOffice (let alone MS Office!) and Picasa...

Anonymous said...

"pfft, all this typing is why I'll stick to windows thank you very much... No need to type anything but the url of the program i need, the rest by mouse, intuitive and easy."

You can copy & paste from the original post.

[Lightweight Linux]

Anonymous said...

Hi, great post :)
There should be a standard list of things to do from a clean install of Ubuntu to help people "complete" their installation, and make the Ubuntu experience easier and more enjoyable...
I did a list of my own today as I installed a new copy of Ubuntu 8.10 onto my laptop. I'm a bit of a noob, but have a look at my list and tell me what you think...


#Usefull things to do after a fresh Ubuntu install :

#Refresh Repositories.
sudo apt-get update

#Upgrade installed packages.
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

#Install Codecs, Fonts & other restricted extras.
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

#Install VLC Media Player.
sudo apt-get install vlc

#Install Thunderbird.
sudo apt-get install thunderbird

#Install Storage Device Manager.
sudo apt-get install pysdm

#Run Storage Device Manager and set Partitions/Drives to auto mount at startup.
sudo pysdm

#Install Extra Themes
sudo apt-get install gnome-themes-extras

#Install Compiz Fusion extras
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager
sudo apt-get install emerald
sudo apt-get install fusion-icon

#Install avant-window-navigator ( 3D Dock )
sudo apt-get install avant-window-navigator

#Install Startup Manager (Makes it easier to change default boot OS)
sudo apt-get install startupmanager


This is as far as I've got today. Obviously these are all optional, but I think the most important is

#Install Codecs, Fonts & other restricted extras.
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

I think it would be a great help if people knew about the ubuntu-restricted-extras package, why it can't be included in the CD and how to install it.

Once again, thanks for the great post, I'm sure it helped loads of people, me included :)

Bobxnc said...

Thanks for the post. It has led to some good aps and a bit more knowledge and confidence working with the OS.
Thanks also to those who took time to add additional tips.
You might want to add the GNU C++ compiler and other tools necessary to compile aps.
- sudo apt-get install build-essential

Anonymous said...

Thank you! Greetings from Germany & Happy XMas!

Anonymous said...

whao, nice blog. Nice tutorial. You are missing a few things. Check this for more details http://www.howtoforge.com/the-perfect-desktop-ubuntu-8.10

sudo apt-get install amarok flashplugin-nonfree amule audacity azureus banshee bluefish dvdrip filezilla msttcorefonts gnucash gstreamer* gtkpod-aac sun-java6-bin sun-java6-javadb sun-java6-jdk sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin k3b kino mplayer mozilla-mplayer quanta kompozer scribus xchat-gnome bittornado bittornado-gui sound-juicer helix-player mozilla-helix-player googleearth acroread mozilla-acroread non-free-codecs ubuntu-restricted-extras libdvdcss2 opera xine-ui xine-plugin xmms2 xmms2tray xmms2-plugin-airplay xmms2-plugin-alsa xmms2-plugin-ao xmms2-plugin-asf xmms2-plugin-asx xmms2-plugin-avcodec xmms2-plugin-cdda xmms2-plugin-cue xmms2-plugin-curl xmms2-plugin-daap xmms2-plugin-faad xmms2-plugin-flac xmms2-plugin-gme xmms2-plugin-gvfs xmms2-plugin-ices xmms2-plugin-icymetaint xmms2-plugin-id3v2 xmms2-plugin-jack xmms2-plugin-karaoke xmms2-plugin-lastfm xmms2-plugin-m3u xmms2-plugin-mad xmms2-plugin-mms xmms2-plugin-modplug xmms2-plugin-mp4 xmms2-plugin-musepack xmms2-plugin-normalize xmms2-plugin-ofa xmms2-plugin-oss xmms2-plugin-pls xmms2-plugin-pulse xmms2-plugin-rss xmms2-plugin-sid xmms2-plugin-smb xmms2-plugin-speex xmms2-plugin-vocoder xmms2-plugin-vorbis xmms2-plugin-wma xmms2-plugin-xml xmms2-plugin-xspf vlc vlc-data vlc-dbg vlc-nox vlc-plugin-arts vlc-plugin-esd vlc-plugin-ggi vlc-plugin-jack vlc-plugin-pulse vlc-plugin-sdl vlc-plugin-svgalib thunderbird skype

BillinDetroit said...

To the Vista guy. When you are done with the pipe, could I have a hit?

Uh ... on second thought, keep it.

BTW Hardy Heron ran just fine on my Toshiba Satellite with audio, eth and wlan out of the box.

My wife, with Vista and a Toshiba Satellite of her own, can't count on her eth / wlan connection. Even though we are both using the same access point, I will have connection and she will not ... necessitating a cold boot of her computer and usually a reset of the access point or even the DSL modem. Meantime, for me, Linux "just works".

Aneslin said...

Needs a fix please,

I tried the #1 st One,
1st command is ok.

then i type the 2nd command ( sudo sed -i -e "s/# deb/deb/g" /etc/apt/sources.list && sudo apt-get update) , and i run this command to update the list,

sudo apt-get update

i got some error messages,

here is the error messages

W: Failed to fetch cdrom:[Ubuntu 8.10 _Intrepid Ibex_ - Release i386 (20081029.5)]/dists/intrepid/main/binary-i386/Packages.gz Please use apt-cdrom to make this CD-ROM recognized by APT. apt-get update cannot be used to add new CD-ROMs

W: Failed to fetch cdrom:[Ubuntu 8.10 _Intrepid Ibex_ - Release i386 (20081029.5)]/dists/intrepid/restricted/binary-i386/Packages.gz Please use apt-cdrom to make this CD-ROM recognized by APT. apt-get update cannot be used to add new CD-ROMs

E: Some index files failed to download, they have been ignored, or old ones used instead.

what am i suppose to do now?
how can I fix this?
please help me,
thanks in advance,


Anonymous said...

I had trouble getting the Open Office to load but everything else is great. Who wouldn't want Google Earth on a machine? Lame. I very much appreciated this blog. Anyway here is a MUCH easier way to get O O 3.0:

Anonymous said...

download and run ubuntu-8.10-Multimedia-LiveDVD torrent available on minninova.org much more than stated above perfectly implemented

Anonymous said...

Please donate your old boxes to a church-group or some needy student in these hard times! To comply with the law, and with Microsoft's leasing policy, you can now replace Microsoft OS with the free (download from the net) Ubuntu OS, which can be set to erase the hard drive of all traces of the “illegal to give away ” Microsoft system and your private information, before donation! Now, explain to your lucky recipient that all the manuals they will ever need are available for free on the internet! Just ask for them in Google! OpenOffice, which is installed already is plenty adequate for homework assignments and with a little exploring, everything else can work well too! Happy computing!

Anonymous said...

deleting your data or formatting for ubuntu will NOT get rid of personal data. Yoa have to overwrite the entire HD with random crap with a command like shred to get rid of it. Thats how gary glitter went down. An Identity thief has access to the same forensic techniques the fbi does.Dont assume formatting and installing an OS like ubuntu will get rid of residual info on your hard drive.

Aneslin just google enabling repros in ubuntu. You can do it via synaptic.

BTW no-one cares if linux will ever be mainstream. As long as MS doesnt pass laws to make it illegal(which they are trying to) there will always be a community of peoploe willing to take the year long learning curve to enjoy a great OS. Ubuntu and tutorials like this are great places to start.

Anonymous said...

Install Adobe Acrobat Reader? Sorry, the Open Source alternatives in the Repository are way better, in my opinion, than this commercial bloatware.

Godd point on the Medibuntu-stuff though, it took me a while to figure out how to get DVDs running.

Anonymous said...

Yeah, Forget Acrobat, evince is great. I always install a LAMP server and a C++ compiler first thing I do.

Anonymous said...

HI , I do not have internet connection.. So please tell me how to install codec to play audio file manually..

Anonymous said...

great post

Anonymous said...

NEED Help Please!!!!! I have this error...
'E:Type '--2009-03-26' is not known on line 1 in source list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list, E:The list of sources could not be read.'
Pleas can any one help???

Anonymous said...

If you guys don't want to use or even try linux/ubuntu, then DON'T! Linux/ubuntu is not for stupids nor lazy. Who forced you to use it? Llinux/ubuntu is for adventurous intelligent people. I bet you are not aware of any of these:


That's why.

Anonymous said...

"Using this product means you will be monitored."
Many products come with EULAs with terms that force users to agree to automatic updates – usually by having the computer or networked device contact a third party without notifying the consumer, thus potentially compromising privacy and security.6

Section 2.1 of the Windows XP Home Edition EULA7 includes a Digital Rights Management (DRM) Notice, which contains the following terms:

"If the DRM Software's security has been compromised, owners of Secure Content ("Secure Content Owners") may request that Microsoft revoke the DRM Software's right to copy, display and/or play Secure Content. Revocation does not alter the DRM Software's ability to play unprotected content. A list of revoked DRM Software is sent to your computer whenever you download a license for Secure Content from the Internet. You therefore agree that Microsoft may, in conjunction with such license, also download revocation lists onto your computer on behalf of Secure Content Owners."
Note that by clicking through the EULA for Windows XP, you are also agreeing to let Microsoft download software onto your computer on behalf of third parties, identified only as the "Secure Content Owners."

Anonymous said...

6. "We are not responsible if this product messes up your computer."
The disclaimer of liability for faulty software is perhaps the most important function of a EULA from the manufacturer's perspective. And it's bad news for the consumer. This term purports to supplant traditional consumer protection and products liability law. Clicking yes on EULAs containing this common clause means that the consumer cannot file class-action lawsuits against the vendor for faulty products, or for products that do not do all the things that the company advertised they would.

This kind of agreement would seem absurd if applied to other kinds of consumer electronics. If you buy a microwave, there's a large body of common law and statute that gives you rights against its manufacturer if it blows up, burns you, or singes your countertop. You can hold the manufacturer liable for "foreseeable" malfunctions or injuries, or for the product's failure to work as advertised. But if you buy a piece of software, the EULA often disclaims all that prior law, without putting alternate consumer protections in its place.

Here is a typical clause, from the Windows XP EULA:

Except for any refund elected by Microsoft, YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, if the Software does not meet Microsoft's Limited Warranty, and, to the maximum extent allowed by applicable law, even if any remedy fails of its essential purpose.20
While the Limited Warranty itself only lasts for 90 days, the language above purports to shield Microsoft even if a crash costs you a massive amount of data during the Warranty period. But at least you only have to pay shipping for the new version of XP:

You will receive the remedy elected by Microsoft without charge, except that you are responsible for any expenses you may incur (e.g. cost of shipping the Software to Microsoft).
A warranty disclaimer is generally found in most EULAs despite the fact that it runs counter to the very basis of products liability law.

Anonymous said...

5. "By signing this contract, you also agree to every change in future versions of it. Oh yes, and EULAs are subject to change without notice."
In its Service Agreement for iTunes, Apple informs consumers:

Apple reserves the right, at any time and from time to time, to update, revise, supplement, and otherwise modify this Agreement and to impose new or additional rules, policies, terms, or conditions on your use of the Service. Such updates, revisions, supplements, modifications, and additional rules, policies, terms, and conditions (collectively referred to in this Agreement as "Additional Terms") will be effective immediately and incorporated into this Agreement. Your continued use of the iTunes Music Store following will be deemed to constitute your acceptance of any and all such Additional Terms. All Additional Terms are hereby incorporated into this Agreement by this reference.18
Put simply, this means that when you install iTunes, you are not only agreeing to all the onerous terms in the box, but you are also agreeing to future terms that may appear in the iTunes Terms of Service months or years from now. These terms are subject to change without notice, and you don't even get a chance to click through this future "contract" and agree. Mere "continued use of the iTunes Music Store" constitutes your agreement to contractual terms that you may not be aware exist. These kinds of terms are ubiquitous in EULAs and in Terms of Service for countless products.

Anonymous said...

Me vale verga estos aportes... es solo basura.

metaltrack said...

nice copy & paste post. gratz. -.-

Anonymous said...

Nice post!

any cut and paste sudo command for installing the dictionary for open office so it can do spell checks?
The default install has no dictionary active.

Anonymous said...

Great post

hope more people take up using linux

but i would suggest people try F-spot first of all , i really liked it ....but now use digicam

not the place to start a disto war , slackware does rock but ubuntu is great to get people started ...linux just rocks

@ above
i think to get the dictionaries try

sudo apt-get install dictionaries-common

also you can add programs through a windows like add remove program called adept its in the system setting manual and has a search feature to find what your looking for

Anonymous said...

i have an intel wireless 2200 b/g card would i need to get drivers for this and if so where can i get them? sorry for my ignorance.

blogekle said...

great post, thank you

hiox said...

Ajouter GIMP trop dans votre liste.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program)
Une distribution gratuite de système d'exploitation pour ordinateur de bureau principalement application. Ubuntu est composé de plusieurs logiciels

Anonymous said...

good Post..
Tanx a Lot

Anonymous said...

very good post and thanks it help me alot.

fuller9box said...

Thanks - did some of the above (google - earth) works well - thanks alot.

Dambeldor said...

Great list!

Anonymous said...

do you need it for 9.10 too ? is there anything that you should not do there? (e.g. I believe that Office is in there already)

Anonymous said...


discount said...

thank you very much ............ this page has been bookmark.

alivedon said...


We hope that more people are opting for Linux

but I would try to say that the first F-Spot, I love ...But now, digital camera

no place to start wars, not Disto, Slackware Rock, but Ubuntu is perfect for people began to Linux ..that rocks

Last @
I think we will try Dictionaries

sudo apt-get install dictionaries-common

You can also use programs from the windows "Add or Remove Programs supporters called for the manual system and the search function to find what you are looking

laptop deals said...

Thanks for good article. And useful

tools. said...

o you need it for 9.10 too ? is there anything that you should not do there

truevisions said...

Nice post, Thanks for your sharing.

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